The Buildings for Disabled People

Building: Houses and Apartments

Your first priority to make house or apartment for disabled people is comfort access.
The easiest way to access a building for disabled people is via corridors. This enables large numbers of angles and corners to be avoided; a straight main corridor is the best layout. The entrance area should be of an appropriate size, with shelves and coat hooks planned in. The minimum area of entrance halls is 1.50 × 1.50 m, and 1.70 × 1.60 m for a porch with a single-leaf door. For people who are blind it is important to have an intercom system at the apartment door and the building’s main entrance.

accessibility for disabled people

accessibility for disabled people

 

living room and dining room for disabled people

living room and dining room for disabled people

 

Living room for disabled people
In design the buildings for disabled people, living rooms should be wide enough for at least four wheelchair users. For blind people, there should be additional space for their Braille books and newspapers which are three times bulkier than the usual printed books or newspapers. In apartments, recommended minimum areas for living rooms with a dining area (see table).
The minimum room width is 3.75 m for a one- or two-person home →⑤.
If you desire for an additional study area, the floor area must be increased by at least 2 m2.

Minimum areas for living rooms with a dining area

DescriptionMinimum Area (m2)
One person22
2 – 4 people24
5 people26
6 people28

 

kitchen for disabled people

kitchen for disabled people

 

Kitchen for disabled people
To allow disabled people to use the kitchen there must be ergonomic planning—the arrangement of the storage, preparation, cooking and washing areas should be convenient and streamlined. The cooker, main work surface and taps should be placed as close together as possible.

There must be no high cupboards for wheelchair users. The reach of the arm is roughly 600 mm horizontally and within the range 400 – 1400 mm vertically. The optimal working height is within the range 750 – 900 mm.

The most preferred form of residence for disabled is a single-storey family house with garden. The requirements for disabled people can be satisfied easily in this type of accommodation: i.e. no steps at the entrance and no difference level between individual rooms and the garden; rooms can be connected without doors and custom designed. You can afford a two-storey family house for disabled people if you have a vertical elevator or stair lift.Annex for disable person built onto existing house

The grouping of apartments (multi-apartment dwellings) is a housing solution that offers disabled people a sociable and supportive environment. it is rarely possible to convert ordinary apartments into adequate homes for the severely disabled people in economic terms, so they need to be included at the preliminary planning stage.

multi-apartment dwelling for disabled people

A functionally efficient and well-designed living space is of great importance to people with disabilities. To turn through 1800 a wheelchair user requires 1500 – 1700 mm. This requirement sets the minimum sizes and circulation space of landings, rooms, garages etc. shown here.

Entrances should not have a threshold or steps and revolving doors are not permitted. Doors should have at least 900 mm clear width.

All levels and facilities inside and outside a building must be accessible without negotiating steps; if necessary, include a lift or ramps.

This “The Buildings for Disabled People” is taken from the book Architects’ Data written by Ernst and Peter Neufert, whereas this book has become the guideline for architecture college students in the world.

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