Tag Archives : escape from fire

Design for Vertical Escape in Buildings


Vertical escape routes These are provided by protected escape stairs of sufficient number and adequate size. Generally, the rules requiring alternative means of escape mean that more than one stairway is required. The width of the stairs should allow the total number of people in the storey or building subjected to fire to escape safely. Wide stairways must be divided…

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Design for Horizontal Escape in Buildings


Horizontal escape routes The number of escape routes and exits required depends on the maximum travel distance that is permitted to the nearest exit and the number of occupants in the room, area or storey under consideration. Generally, alternative escape routes should be provided from every part of the building, particularly in multistorey and mixed-use buildings. Areas of different use…

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Means of Escape from Building Other than Dwellings


Generally, single dwellings of three or more storeys (or, according to the UK Building Regulations, with one or more floors over 4.5 m above the ground) require protected stairways of 30 minutes fire-resistant construction, furnished with self-closing fire doors. Dwellings divided into flats or maisonettes should have fire protected access corridors leading to protected common escape stairs. The provision of…

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Make Sure Occupants of Buildings can Escape from Fire


Building regulations stipulate what measures must be taken to ensure that occupants of buildings can escape if there is a fire. If there are spaces in the building which have no direct access to the outside, then a route protected from fire that leads to safety must be provided. Different standards apply to different building types as follows: dwellings, including…

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