Old People’s Housing

Old People’s Accommodation
Depending on the degree of support required, there are three main types of accommodation and care for the elderly:

  1. Old people’s housing
  2. Old people’s homes
  3. Nursing homes.

In the United Kingdom, depending, on type of dwelling and facilities provided, housing for elderly people can be classified into: category one housing, category two housing, sheltered housing, very sheltered housing, retirement housing, extra-care housing, residential care homes, nursing care homes, and dual registration homes.

functions in an old people's centre

functions in an old people’s centre

In the United States, although similar building types have been developed, the terminology differs. The building types that house elderly people in the United States can be described as independent retirement housing units, congregate housing, personal care housing, skilled nursing home, and life care communities.

old people housing - one-person apartment

old people housing - two-person apartment

old people housing - two-person apartment 2

Old people’s housing →③ – ⑧ consists of self-contained flats or apartments which cater for the needs of the elderly so that they can avoid moving into an old people’s home for as long as possible. Such housing is usually scattered around residential areas, with a density of 2 – 10 %. Flats for one person are 25 – 35 m2; for two people 45 – 55 m2. Sheltered balconies ≥ 3 m2.

Sheltered housing is generally a group of flats (each 20 m2) in one building, with common rooms and a tea kitchen. A good solution is to build these facilities close to a nursing home for the elderly which offers meals, leisure, recreation and various therapies. Provide one car parking space per 5 – 8 residents. Note that heating costs will be 2 % higher than normal.

Old people’s homes offer residential care facilities and must conform to regulations on planning, licensing. The large amount of ancillary space required means the most economic size is about 120 places. Meals, entertainment and therapies are provided and an integrated nursing section for short-term care.

General design for old people’s housing features:

  • stairs 16/30 cm without open riser; edges of steps defined with a colour
  • handrails on both sides of stairs and in corridors
  • where necessary, lifts for moving patients on stretchers or in folding chairs.
  • The buildings should all be adapted for the disabled and have open spaces with benches.

Homes for elderly people should be sited close to the infrastructure of a town or village and to public transport. The inclusion of a daycare centre should be considered to provide opportunities for people living independently to make contact and receive nonresidential care (approximately one daycare centre is needed per 1600 elderly people).

The picture below is design example of old people’s home and nursing home.design example of old people's housing and nursing home

This “Old People’s Housing” is taken from the book Architects’ Data written by Ernst and Peter Neufert, whereas this book has become the guideline for architecture college students in the world.

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