Human: Dimensions and Space Requirements

In architecture we study space for humans based on human’s body size in general. As explained in Architecture Data authored by Ernst Neufert, a book designated as the universal guide for architects:

  1. Space requirements between walls
  2. Space requirements of groups
  3. Step measurements
  4. Space requirements of various body postures
  5. Space requirements with luggage
  6. Space requirements with sticks and umbrellas

 

Space requirements between walls

space requirements between walls

space requirements between walls

Note:  for moving people, add > 10% to widths.

All dimensions and space requirements above in accordance with normal measurements and energy consumption.

 

Space requirements of groups

space requirements of groups

space requirements of groups

 

Step measurements

step measurements

step measurements

 

Space requirements of various body postures

space requirements of various body postures

space requirements of various body postures

Knowing how much space is needed based on human body positions is your first priority in designing a furniture and planning for the furniture positions in a room. In the pictures above you can see the minimum size needed for someone who is kneeling and crouching when they want to find something. How much is the maximum size that can be reached by someone when their body is blocked by a table or hindered by their own height must be taken into account too. As well as the width of the space needed by someone who is spreading their arms.

 

Space requirements with luggage

space requirements with luggage

space requirements with luggage

 

Space requirements with sticks and umbrellas

space requirements with sticks and umbrellas

space requirements with sticks and umbrellas

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