How to Plant Trees and Hedges

Fertile soil contains abundance of life, with the different layers being inhabited by different groups of species → ①. Unlike flowers, trees and hedges can be tricky to plan out for gardening. Tree roots can penetrate the soil down to rocky layers and the shape of the underground root network is usually a mirror image of the shape of the tree’s crown →②.

Here’s some pictures on how to plant trees and hedges:

Soil and humus layers are filled with life


The root network mirrors the natural top of the tree

To plant a tree, particularly a tree that is already cultivated, a cup shape is preferred. These have open centers from which the branches are drawn outwards so that light can penetrate the treetops. Side branches are kept short so they will not break under the weight of fruit or snow.

The best time for planting fruit trees is late autumn (In October it is best to plant trees in areas with early frost; in November plant trees in milder areas). Grafting points, which can be clearly recognized as a swelling on the end of the stem, must always be above the soil surface. Supporting posts must be a handbreadth away from the trunk and should be to the south to prevent sunburn→③.Planting garden trees


To plant hedges, know that the correct distance from the neighbouring plot must be maintained: 0.25 m for hedges up to 1.2 m high, 0.5 m for hedges up to 2 m high and 0.75 m for hedges over 2 m. Hedges are ideal for providing privacy in one’s own garden as well as protection from noise and dust. Hedges also reduce wind speed, increase dew formation, regulate heat and prevent soil erosion. Banked hedges (so-called ‘quick-set hedges’ →④) are used as windbreaks in coastal areas.Quick-set hedge

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