How to Make Garden Ponds

Careful consideration needs to be given as to how best to integrate a pond into the garden. To make garden ponds, selecting the correct position is extremely important for the well­being of the plants and animals in and around the pond. For instance, the majority of bog and water plants require plenty of sunlight (about 4 – 6 hours per day). The pond also needs to be easy to view so the best position is in the proximity of a terrace or a seating area, where it can be observed at leisure.

When you’re figuring out how to make garden ponds, the constituent elements of the pond need to be carefully planned. If the correct proportions of plants, water and sand are used, a biological balance can be achieved within 6 – 8 weeks, at which time the water becomes clear. One of the most important factors in this is to have the correct ratio of water surface to water volume (a pond average of around 400 l per m2 of water surface is recommended). The garden pond will then become a habitat for both insects and plants.

The planting of the pond is done before the water is carefully topped up to its final level. The pond edge and surrounds need to be specially designed: bog and flood water zones, as well as moist beds, →① + ② help to expand the pond area and create a more natural balance. The pond should be sized according to the area of the garden: a water area of 20 – 25 m2 is ideal, although even 3 – 5 m2 gives enough room for many types of plants. Generous shallow water zones of 50 – 200 mm depth and a deep area of at least 600 mm in depth are necessary for the survival of aquatic insects and larvae during the winter months. The deep areas also provide a place of hiding for all of the pond inhabitants.

Pond planting in a stepped arrangement

Pond planting in a stepped arrangement

 

The garden pond should be kept full throughout the winter to reduce the possibility of it being forced out of the ground or tilted by the action of ground frost. Fish, frogs and other amphibians will only survive the winter if the garden pond is protected from freezing over completely for extended periods so an ice preventer or a heating stone should be used. This is important so note this down if you want to make garden ponds.

In addition, prefabricated ponds provide planting shelves at appropriate depths and these prevent gravel and planting soil from slumping or sliding away completely →②.

A suitable prefabricated pond

A suitable prefabricated pond

So this is my how to make garden ponds, referencing the book Architects’ Data written by Ernst and Peter Neufert, whereas this book has become the guideline for architecture college students in the world.

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