Guidelines for Planning Playgrounds

Play makes a fundamental contribution to the development of a child’s personality. It is mainly through play that small children adapt to their environment. Play areas must be varied, changing and changeable. They must meet children’s needs. Play is a social experience, through it children learn to understand the consequences of their behaviour.


Requirements of play areas:

  • traffic safety
  • no pollution
  • adequate sunshine
  • ground water level not too high.


Play areas should be focal points within residential areas and should be connected to residential and other areas by simple networks of paths. They should not be pushed out on to the periphery but planned in connection with communication systems.


Guidelines for planning playgrounds take into account the following data:

  • age group
  • usable space per person
  • play area size
  • distance from dwellings, etc.
guidelines for planning playgrounds

guidelines for planning playgrounds

When building housing, private outdoor playgrounds in the grounds of the housing complex should be provided for younger children up to the age of 6, for children from 6 – 12 and for adults.

A basis for calculating the size of all public playgrounds can often be found in planning regulations. For example, 5 m2 play area per housing unit, minimum size of playground 40 m2. Open spaces for play must be enclosed by a barrier at least 1 m high (dense hedge, fences, etc.) to protect them from roads, parked cars, railway lines, deep water, precipices and other sources of danger.

example playground - Karnacksweg

example playground – Karnacksweg


Taken from: Architects’ Data by Ernst and Peter Neufert

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